There are several laws protecting wildlife in the UK.

The Wildlife and Countryside Act covers England, Scotland and Wales, whilst Northern Ireland has its own legislation.

In addition, the Nature Conservation Act gives further protection to wildlife in Scotland. International wildlife trade is governed by CITES.

The Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981
The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is the primary legislation which protects animals, plants, and certain habitats in the UK. Read this summary of the legal protection given to wild birds in England, Wales and Scotland. More…

Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004
The Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004 imposes a wide-ranging duty on Scotland’s public sector to conserve biodiversity and protect the nation’s precious natural heritage. More…

CITES (The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is designed to prevent excessive and unrestricted international trade in wildlife threatening the survival of species in the wild. Over 160 countries are now signatories to the agreement including the UK and all the other EU member states. More…

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